Systems for Specialized Departments in Hospitals
Systems for Specialized Departments in Hospitals. The RIS PACS System is the primary process of retrieving, processing, and archiving medical imaging files.
The basic guideline in medical medicine is to make a diagnosis first.
At present, many hospitals in developed countries have considered the laboratory information management system and PACS as necessities.
As well as being an important sub-system in SIM-RS.
This includes keeping the treatment right on target (according to the disease), minimal side effects for the patient (patient safety).
Predicting the likelihood of recovery (prognosis), efficiency, and minimizing trial and error.
Some diseases can be analyzed directly by the history and physical examination of the patient.
This procedure is sometimes a bit difficult because some diseases are invisible and not palpable.
For example, lung tumors, brain tumors, and so on.
There are doubts in making a diagnosis that needs help (support), including radiology.
Sometimes radiology actually determines the diagnosis.
For example in unconscious patients with suspicion of abnormalities in the brain, whether due to infectious diseases or brain tumors.
The doctor knows the reason why the patient is examined for radiology (indication) and knows the risk of the examination (radiation hazard, etc.). Innovations in the field of diagnostic radiology are the use of digital technology and the use of computers in machines (tools).
Radiology Information System (RIS) is a system designed to support operational workflows and business analysis in the radiology department (The Royal College of Radiologists, 2008: 3).
The Radiology Information System is also used as a storage area for patient data, reports, and contributes to the electronic recording of patient data. RIS makes information immediately, easy to access, easy to update, information is always available to those who need it.
RIS assists in the management of administrative and operational functions regarding radiology such as ordering requests, registrations, examinations, report results, job preparation lists, approval results, scheduling, and management systems.
RIS is not an autonomous system but interacts with other systems in an integrated manner for medical procedures.
There are two main exchanges in the RIS process with other systems such as RIS having to communicate with the PACS (Picture Archiving and Communication System) which is responsible for the internal procedures carried out into the radiology department.
This process is the main process in retrieving, processing, and archiving medical imaging files.
The RIS must gather this information appropriately in order to produce a final medical report for each examination.
RIS also interacts with HIS (Hospital Information System) to perform patient information retrieval, update medical records for new testing, and process billing procedures accordingly.
RIS comes from the results of a detailed analysis of the workflow every day in the radiology department and the solution has been carried out by means of a comprehensive survey in each part, this service is supported by 4 functions, including:
1. The patient visits the administration for registration.
2. Patients who will perform an examination can make a schedule.
3. Patient radiological examination reports.
4. Allocate diagnostic documents to match the demand.
PACS is a computer network used in radiology departments to replace film with electronic medical image storage and display.
PACS provides a storage file for various imaging modalities, integrates it with patient database information, makes it easy to print images, displays patient information, and medic images on a computer connected to the network.